From the wounded side.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Gen 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Gen 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
Gen 2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;
Gen 2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
Why did God make Eve from the side of Adam?
God could have, if He had wanted to, create Eve from the dust of the earth just like He did with Adam and the beasts.
So why did He choose to make Eve from Adam?
Was God showing us the significance of not only the relationship between Adam and Eve but a fore shadow of Christ and the Church.
Quote from John Calvin: “if the two sexes had proceeded from different sources, there would have been occasion either of mutual contempt, or envy, or contentions.” And he went on to say that “something was taken from Adam, in order that he might embrace with greater benevolence, a part of himself. He lost, therefore, one of his ribs; but, instead of it, a far richer reward was granted him, since he obtained a faithful associate of life; for he now saw himself, who had before been imperfect, rendered complete in his wife.”
“Kinsman-Redeemer” (Isaiah 59:20), Isa 59:20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.
Eve's descent from Adam was necessary for her salvation.
The prophet Isaiah wrote of the coming Messiah as being the "Kinsman-Redeemer" i.e. one who is related by blood to those he redeems.
According to various laws of the Pentateuch a kinsman-redeemer is a male relative who delivers or rescues or redeems property or person (Leviticus 27:9–25,25:47–55). The kinsman who redeems or vindicates a relative is illustrated most clearly in thebook of Ruth, where the kinsman-redeemer is Boaz.
The story of Ruth and Boaz begins when Ruth and her mother-in-law, Naomi, return to Bethlehem from Moab where they had been living. Naomi’s husband and both sons, one who was the husband of Ruth, had died, leaving the women penniless and without a male protector. Upon arriving in Bethlehem, Naomi sends Ruth to glean in the fields of Boaz, a wealthy relative of Naomi to whom they, through a series of divinely appointed circumstances, appeal as theirgo el.
(Goel (the Go'el HaDahm)is a Hebrew term which comes from the word 'ol ("to redeem"), hence the meaning "redeemer", which in the Hebrew Bible denotes a person who as the nearest relative of another is charged with the duty of restoring the rights of another and avenging his wrongs.(Wikipedia)
Boaz agreed, he willingly takes Ruth as his wife, and together they bear a son named Obed who became the grandfather of David, the forefather of Jesus.
In the New Testament, Christ is often regarded as an example of a kinsman-redeemer because, he is our brother, Hebrews 2:11: For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
John 1:14: And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
1 Timothy 3:16: And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
This scripture explains how God in Christ, took on Himself the nature of a man to save mankind.
Jesus entered Adam’s line to literally become our relative, to be a part of this one human family.
If all people are not descended from Adam, then this kinsman-redeemer concept does not stand up.
If mankind is not descended from Adam and hence not related to Christ through Adam, according to the kinsman redeemer idea, they are not able to be saved.
He also redeems us because of our great need, one that only He can satisfy. In Ruth 3:9, we see a picture of the needy person, unable to save herself, requesting of the kinsman-redeemer that he cover her with his protection, redeem her, and make her his wife.
In the same way, the Lord Jesus Christ bought us for Himself, out of the curse, out of our destitution; made us His own beloved bride; and blessed us for all generations. He is the true kinsman-redeemer of all who call on Him in faith.
If Eve had been made from the dust of the earth, she would have been a separate creation like the beasts of the field.
She would not have been the blood relative of Adam.
However God chose to make her out of Adam so that she was part of Adam and so related to Adam by blood.
Gen 2:23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
Gen 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
A bride produced by a wound.
When God made Eve from Adam’s side, Genesis 2:21–23 tells us that God put Adam into a deep sleep. So Eve, the bride-to-be of Adam was (literally and historically) born from the wound in his side.
When Jesus, the last Adam died on the cross, (1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit). His side was pierced by a soldiers spear, this fulfilled the prophecy (John 19:34: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.) Also, 36–37: For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.)
This was just after His death—a death made necessary by the sin of the first Adam. Hebrews 9:22: And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
1 Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
Flowing from that wound in the side of the Lamb of God sacrificed for sin, was the precious blood .
(John 1:29: The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.) (1 Peter 1:19: But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot) by which believers are cleansed from sin.
These believers will make up Christ’s bride, the church.
So, metaphorically speaking, the church, Christ’s bride to be, was ‘born’ as it were from the wound in His side.
"Christ has flooded the universe with divine and sanctifying waves. For the thirsty he sends a spring of living water from the wound which the spear opened in His Side. From the wound in Christ's side has come forth the Church, and He has made her His Bride." (Origen)